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VietNamNet Bridge - There are many species of kingfishers in Vietnam. Let’s discover them.
|There are about 90 species of kingfishers in the world, including 12 in Vietnam. In the photo is a secret kingfisher species, the Blyth's Kingfisher, Alcedo Hercules. This is a kingfisher distributed in Bangladesh, India, China, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam. It is found along streams in evergreen forest and adjacent open country from 200-1,200 m, mainly at 400-1,000 m.|
|The Stork-billed Kingfisher, Pelargopsis capensis (formerly Halcyon capensis), is a tree kingfisher which is widely but sparsely distributed in the tropical Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia, from India and Sri Lanka to Indonesia. This kingfisher is essentially resident throughout its range. This is a very large kingfisher, measuring 35 to 38 cm (14 to 15 in) in length. The adult has a green back, blue wings and tail, and grey head. Its underparts and neck are buff. The very large bill and legs are bright red. The flight of the Stork-billed Kingfisher is labored and flapping, but direct. |
Stork-billed Kingfisher is a species of a variety of well-wooded habitats near lakes, rivers or coasts. It perches quietly whilst seeking food, and is often inconspicuous despite its size. It is territorial and will chase away eagles and other large predators. This species hunts fish, frogs, crabs, rodents and young birds. Stork-billed Kingfisher digs its nest in a river bank, decaying tree, or a tree termite nest. A clutch of two to five round white eggs is typical.
In Vietnam, they live in several provinces in the central and central highlands.
|The White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) also known as the White-breasted Kingfisher or Smyrna Kingfisher, is a tree kingfisher, widely distributed in Eurasia from Bulgaria, Turkey, east through South Asia. This kingfisher is a resident over much of its range, although some populations may make short distance movements. It can often be found well away from water where it feeds on a wide range of prey that includes small reptiles, amphibians, crabs, small rodents and even birds. During the breeding season they call loudly in the mornings from prominent perches including the tops of buildings in urban areas or on wires.|
In Vietnam, this species appears in many provinces, where is not over 1,000m over the sea level.
|The Blue-eared Kingfisher, Alcedo meninting, is found in Asia, ranging across the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Its range stretches from India in the west, eastwards across Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh, and further into Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and Malaysia. The average length of this kingfisher is 16 cm. It is found near pools and streams in dense evergreen forest, situated under 1000m of altitude. |
This species was discovered by scientists during a survey to the Nui Ong Nature Reserves in Binh Thuan Province.
|The Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher also known as the Black-backed Kingfisher or Three-toed Kingfisher (Ceyx erithaca) is a species of bird in the Alcedinidae family. This is a small, red and yellow kingfisher, averaging 13 cm (5.1 in) in length, yellow underparts with glowing bluish-black upperparts. |
This is a widespread resident of lowland forest, endemic across much of Southeast Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. The preferred habitat is small streams in densely shaded forests.
In Vietnam, it is found in Binh Phuoc province.
|The Common Kingfisher, Alcedo atthis, also known as Eurasian Kingfisher or River Kingfisher, is a small kingfisher with seven subspecies recognized within its wide distribution across Eurasia and North Africa. It is resident in much of its range, but migrates from areas where rivers freeze in winter.|
This sparrow-sized bird has the typical short-tailed, large-headed kingfisher profile; it has blue upperparts, orange under parts and a long bill. It feeds mainly on fish, caught by diving, and has special visual adaptions to enable it to see prey under water. The glossy white eggs are laid in a nest at the end of a burrow in a riverbank.
In Vietnam, this species is seen everywhere.
|The Black-capped Kingfisher, Halcyon pileata, is a tree kingfisher which is widely distributed in tropical Asia from India east to China, Korea and Southeast Asia. This is a large kingfisher, 28 cm in length. The adult has a purple-blue back, black head and shoulders, white neck collar and throat, and rufous underparts. The large bill and legs are bright red. In flight, large white patches are visible on the blue and black wings. |
This is a common species on coastal waters especially in mangroves. Although easily disturbed, it perches conspicuously on wires or other exposed perches. This species mainly hunts large insects, but coastal birds will also take fish and frogs. The flight of the Black-capped Kingfisher is rapid and direct, the short rounded wings whirring.
The nest is a tunnel in an earth bank. A single clutch of 4-5 round white eggs is typical.
In Vietnam, this species is founded in mangrove forest.
Collared kingfisher or Halcyon chloris also lives in mangrove forest in Vietnam. This species
|Silvery kingfishers or Ceryle lugubris lives in mangrove forest in Vietnam. This species is seen in some northern and central provinces.|
is seen in southern provinces like Tra Vinh and An Giang.