Nga made the announcement at a seminar in Hanoi on June 12 to implement the master plan on a treatment system for harmful medical solid waste during 2011-2015, with a vision to 2020.
Accordingly, the plan will be implemented in three phases, focusing on collecting, classifying, and reducing solid waste at medical facilities, as well as upgrading solid waste incinerators and improving human resources management.
The plan, which was approved by the Prime Minister in November 2011, will strive to ensure that 100% of hospitals and health facilities from central to local levels have medical waste treatment systems which meet environmental standards by 2020.
Statistics from the MoH showed that more than 13,500 hospitals and medical clinics nationwide have discharged around 450 tonnes of solid waste, including 47 tonnes of hazardous waste, and 125,000 cubic metres of waste water per day. However, only 54.4% of the hospitals have the waste water treatment systems and 70% of hospitals nationwide have incinerators necessary to treat effectively their waste.
In fact, 95.6% of the hospitals classify their medical waste and 90.9% of them conduct waste collection every single day. However, the progress in classification and collection has not followed medical waste management regulations.
Meanwhile, the high cost for proper waste treatment, lack of legal and documents on medical waste treatment and weak environmental monitoring are also making it difficult for hospitals to dispose of their medical waste.