VietNamNet Bridge – The rapid increase in the number of students has forced universities to recruit new lecturers regularly. However, it is very difficult to recruit lecturers these days due to the unreasonable remuneration offers.
Professor Nguyen Viet Thinh, President of the Hanoi University of Education, said that the school has to recruit lecturers monthly, because a lot of lecturers leave for training courses or have a break. Candidates come from different sources. Some of them are excellent graduates from the Hanoi University of Education themselves. Others are the lecturers of other schools, or overseas Vietnamese students, who have finished foreign training courses, or scientific researchers.
Demand high, income low
The Hanoi University of Mining and Geology every year recruits nearly 100 lecturers for different majors, but it never finds enough lecturers. According to Le Trong Thang, Head of the Training Division of the school, only the major faculties of the school, such as geology and oil and gas, can attract good candidates. Meanwhile, it is very difficult to find lecturers for other faculties, even though the school accepts the graduates at “good” instead of “excellent” degree.
The Banking Academy recruits lecturers every year, but it admits that it is very difficult to find lecturers for information technology faculty. The candidates, after becoming lecturers, have to spend one or two years for the probation period during which they have to upgrade their qualifications.
However, according to Dung, a lot of excellent graduates accept to stay at the schools to work as lecturers because they hope they can find the opportunities to obtain scholarship to fund training courses abroad. However, after returning from overseas training courses, they leave the schools for other jobs, because of the low income schools offer.
Dung also said that the key problem behind the difficulties in recurring young lecturers is the overly low income. An excellent graduate, if staying at the school to work as lecturers, can earn 2 million dong a month, too low if comparing with other jobs.
Le Anh Tuan from the Thanh Dong University complains that it is more difficult for people founded less prestigious schools to recruit lecturers. He complained that despite great efforts, the school still suffers from the “lecturer bleeding”, when lecturers leave for other schools to enjoy higher incomes.
Retaining young lecturers with scholarships
In order to avoid the brain-drain and retain qualified people, universities now have to use different methods to develop high quality labor force themselves.
Leader of a big university in Hanoi said that young lecturers usually have the willing to study further after they graduate universities. Therefore, they always hope that they can find the opportunities to go studying abroad.
Therefore, he said, one of the methods to retain talented lecturers is offering young lecturers the opportunities to study abroad or attend domestic training courses.
Besides, the school has to try to offer “acceptable income” to lecturers, and create favorable conditions for them to get legal extra income, besides the monthly salaries they get from the state budget.
Dr Do Que Luong, Deputy President of the Hanoi University of Business and Technology, said that the school creates most favorable conditions for all permanent lecturers, especially young lecturers, to go abroad to follow the training courses for master degree or doctorate. After they finish the training courses, they can return to work for the school. Meanwhile, with higher level of degrees, they can enjoy higher pay.
The HCM City University of Agriculture and Forestry has also been running a program to create high quality lecturers. 150 out of the 650 lecturers have been sent to training courses to obtain master degree and doctorates.
The latest report by the Ministry of Education and Training shows that 286 schools have sent 24,396 lecturers to training courses for MA and PhD decrees by 2020.