The first four months of the year saw positive economic signs, said Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong at the opening of the 5th Plenum of the Communist Party of Viet Nam Central Committee yesterday in the capital city.
HA NOI —
|Party General Secretary Nguyen Phu Trong at the plenum. — VNA/VNS Photo Tri Dung |
"Overcoming a number of difficulties and challenges, we have been able to bring inflation under control, stabilise the economy, ensure social security, achieve a number of targets in socio-economic development, and maintain political security, law and social order, and national independence and sovereignty," Trong said.
He brought forward four key issues for discussion by the Central Committee: proposed amendments of the 1992 Constitution; implementation of the 7th Resolution of the Party Central Committee (11th tenure) on renewal of policy and the land law on the path towards industrialisation and modernisation; review of five-year implementation of the 3rd Resolution of the Party Central Committee (10th tenure) on strengthening Party leadership in the fight against corruption and waste; and recommendations on social polices and worker wages through 2020.
Regarding amendments to the 1992 Constitution, Trong said, "This is a very critical task, as the Constitution is a legal and political document of crucial importance that adjusts most of the essential social relations. It is a solid foundation manifesting the nature of our State and our regime. It is the State's fundamental law having the highest power in the entire legal system, ensuring the nation's socio-political stability and sovereignty."
He asked the Party Central Committee members to focus their discussion on the strengths and weaknesses of the 1992 Constitution in the past 20 years and expressed his hope that they would come up with proposals or suggestions.
"Amendments should only be made on issues which are of great importance to society and enjoy high consensus," Trong said.
Relating to the land issue, he said land was the State's special asset, an invaluable natural resource, the life of the people, and the immense resources of the nation. It belongs to the people and the State acted on behalf of the people to own and manage it.
"The land use right is a special asset and commodity," Trong emphasised.
The 11th National Party Congress urged the continued renewal of land law and policy to ensure harmony among the interests of the State, people and investors, while creating new resources and forces to accelerate the process of national industrialisation and modernisation and to maintain political stability and social order.
|Policies on social security, poverty reduction and health insurance are up for discussion at the 5th Plenum of the Communist Party Central Committee. — VNA/VNS Duong Ngoc |
"This is a very big and complex issue with diverse points of view," Trong said. "When we analyse the situation, we have to look at it through the lens of basic principles that have been reflected in the Party's Political Platform and the Constitution. It's important to point out what aspects of land use law have been institutionalised, what is good and what is not good, and what changes should be made."
Trong asked the committee to draw lessons learned in the last 10 years on the issue and seek answers to why nearly 70 per cent of citizen complaints and denunciations related to land issues.
A good land law should contribute to developing and stabilising the national economy, national defence and security as well as promote the country's international integration, he said.
Regarding the fight against corruption and waste, Trong said it was a burning issue in society. After many years combating the problem, and many measures adopted by the Party and Government, what has been achieved remained far below goals and expectations.
"It is important to look at the naked truth and analyse it thoroughly, particularly in the areas of land, natural resources, investment in infrastructure construction, tax collections and public spending, public procurements, and credit and banking," said Trong, vowing the future Party resolutions would continue to promote the battle against corruption and waste.
For the plans on social policies and worker wages through 2020, Trong emphasised the need to closely combine economic growth with progress and social equality.
He asked the Central Committee members to consider some urgent tasks for 2012-13, including a pay rise for public employees, including people working in the armed forces and in State-owned enterprises, as well as allowances given to those who have rendered services to the homeland.
"At this plenum, we will discuss and issue a Resolution on social policies for the 2012-20 period addressing the following key objectives: employment, income, poverty reduction, social security, health insurance, housing, and the social safety net and some basic social services," he added.
The plenum is scheduled to conclude on May 15. — VNS