The company is seeking approval from the country’s central bank to sell VND5 trillion of three- to five-year notes as early as this quarter, chief executive officer Nguyen ThienBao said in an interview in Hanoi April 4. It also plans to sell VND3 trillion of convertible bonds this year, he said. The bonds’ coupons will be determined by market conditions, Bao said.
PetroVietnam Finance, backed by Morgan Stanley, joins Joint-Stock Bank for Foreign Trade of Vietnam, or Vietcombank, Vincom Joint-Stock Co. (VIC) and Vietnam Joint Stock Commercial Bank for Industry and Trade, known as VietinBank, in seeking to raise money by accessing debt capital markets as higher interest rates make borrowing from domestic banks more costly.
“Bank loans are costly due to higher rates and banks are cautious, lending only to long-standing customers,” said Alan Pham, the chief economist at VinaCapital Investment Management Ltd. “Issuing new shares dilutes the value for existing shareholders. So out of the three sources of funding, the bond market is the best choice.”
High borrowing costs and “limited” access to credit led to a 6 percent increase in the number of companies closing in the first quarter from a year earlier, Vu Duc Dam, chairman of the Government Office, said April 1. Banks in Vietnam are also hobbled by soured loans, which the government is trying to address by buying bad-debt from commercial banks to strengthen their balance sheets.
The government cut its credit growth target to as low as 15 percent this year from less than 20 percent in 2011. Vietnam’s loans expanded 13 percent last year, according to the central bank. Policy makers raised the refinancing rate to 15 percent from 9 percent at the start of last year, before lowering it to 14 percent on March 12.
PetroVietnam Finance, a unit of Vietnam Oil & Gas Group, expects pretax profit to rise 20 percent to VND660 billion this year, Bao said at the company’s headquarters in Hanoi. Revenue is forecast to fall to VND6.9 trillion from VND8 trillion last year, he said. Morgan Stanley holds a 10 percent stake in the company, according to PetroVietnam Finance’s website.
Vietcombank, the country’s largest lender by market value, said last month it plans to sell as much as $1 billion of 10-year bonds internationally as early as 2012. VietinBank also said it will offer as much as $2 billion of notes this year.
Refrigeration Electrical Engineering Corp. (REE) said in March it will sell VND557.8 billion of convertible bonds in the second quarter to its strategic partners, while real estate developer Vincom JSC sold $185 million of convertible bonds in March.
PetroVietnam Finance will cancel its Singapore listing plan because the company currently doesn’t “see any benefits” from listing overseas, Bao said. The company had initially planned to list its shares on the Singapore Exchange in the second quarter of 2010.
The company is also advising investors from Japan and Korea on purchasing stakes in Vietnamese companies and expects to help manage two to three deals with an average value of about $100 million to $200 million each, Bao said.