According to Le Tuan Phong, Deputy Head of the General Energy Department under the Ministry of Trade and Industry, Vietnam discharged 150.9 million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) in 2000, of which agriculture sector produced 65 million tonnes, followed by the energy sector with 52.7 million tonnes.
By 2009, CO2 emission had increased by 113%.
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment forecasts the energy sector will generate a total of 224 million tonnes of CO2 from now to 2020. Other industries will contribute 10 million tonnes of CO2 per year.
As a result, fighting climate change via the reduction of greenhouse emission and carbon capture and storage will play an important role in sustainable development.
Vice Director of ADB Vietnam, Andrew Head, said Vietnam is one of the countries most at risk from climate change impacts.
In 2010, ADB provided US$1.25 billion in Regional Technical Assistance to the four Southeast Asian countries of Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines and Vietnam. The technical assistance will evaluate the potential for carbon capture and storage in the energy sector, focusing on power plants fuelled by oil and gas and other industrial facilities, he said.
According to the Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation (APEC) forum, to meet future energy demand, developing APEC economies, including Vietnam, are forecast to see the rapid increase of fossil fuel consumption. As a result, CO2 emissions in the APEC region will increase by 60% between 1999 and 2020.
On this occasion, international experts and Vietnamese relevant agencies discussed key issues related to carbon capture and storage and discussed the possibility of applying this new technology in Vietnam.