HCM City will focus on developing uniform transport technical infrastructure systems from now to 2016 to address traffic issues and flooding problems in the city.
According to the municipal Department of Transport, the city will build an additional 210 kilometres of roads to ensure that traffic density of 1.87 kilometres per square metre by 2015, and 2.17 kilometres by 2020.
In particular, the land portion used for transport infrastructure is targeted at 8.18 per cent in 2015 and 12.2 per cent in 2020. This would meet 15 and 30 per cent of the public's travel demand, respectively.
The city will also intensify investment in the upgrading of major intersections, including Hang Xanh, Cay Go, Dan Chu, Phu Lam, An Lac, Lang Cha Ca and An Suong.
Construction of 50 new bridges is also an important part of the city's technical traffic infrastructure development plan by 2020, the department says.
Some routes will be designated especially for public transportation.
Le Hoang Quan, chairman of the municipal People's Committee, said that the city had planned to devise policies that would give priorities to developing public transportation services.
Capital from the State Budget would be used for land clearance while the city administration would apply tax reduction and credit guarantees to enterprises that participate in supply of public transport services.
Other public transportation vehicles such as taxis and motorbike taxis would also be encouraged to develop properly.
However, priority would be given to those that proved to be environmentally friendly, Quan said.
The Government already allowed the city to develop policies that could help it create capital sources for developing transport technical infrastructure projects.
In addition to the State Budget, the capital sources that the city could raise included Official Development Assistance from foreign donors, public private partnership (PPP), and the use of the build-operate-transfer (BOT) and build-transfer (BT) forms, he said.
Quan said the city administration would give priority to developing urban transport infrastructure in order to solve traffic congestion, accidents and flooding. HCM City is predicted to be heavily affected by climate change, according to scientists.
The city has more than 4.6 million motorbikes and 400,000 autos, with about one million motorbikes and 60,000 autos of travellers residing outside the city.
Over the last several years, the city has made a great effort in developing transport infrastructure facilities but has still failed to keep up with the sharp increase in the number of vehicles.
On average, the city each day has an additional 1,200 motorbikes and 110 autos plying the roads, which means the city needs an additional 8,000 sq. metres for transport activities each day.
Meanwhile, the city has only 3,800 roads with a combined length of more than 3,500 kilometres.
The land for transportation activities now accounts for only five per cent (much lower compared with the 22 or 24 per cent standard of regional countries).
The road surface is not sufficient for all kinds of vehicles, which has led to heavy traffic congestion, seriously impeding the aspirations of the city to become a major mega-city in Asia — VNS