Greater efforts to implement WHO FCTC

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VOV News English - 82 month(s) ago 17 readings

Greater efforts to implement WHO FCTC

(VOV) - World No Tobacco Day (also known as World Tobacco Day or Anti Tobacco Day) is observed worldwide on 31st May every year to draw people’s attention to the negative effects of tobacco.

More than 5 million will die of tobacco-related diseases

World Tobacco Day is ardently supported by governments, individuals, non-profit organizations, public health organizations, tobacco industry and even smokers.

Each year, the WHO chooses a theme for the day that carries a global message about the need to quit smoking. Many of the themes warn people to be on the guard against advertisements by the tobacco industry.

The theme of Tobacco Day 2011 is based on the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC) regarded as the most effective tobacco curbing instrument.

Since it took effect in 2005, the WHO FCTC has spearheaded against the global tobacco epidemic, spreading through different channels such as cross-border trade and direct foreign investment. Other factors such as global marketing, transnational tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, and the international movement of contraband and counterfeit cigarettes have also contributed to a sharp increase in the number of tobacco users.

The WHO FCTC was signed by more than 170 countries around the world to call for preventing all forms of tobacco advertisement, promotion and support.

Smoking is one of the primary death causes. This year, it is predicted more than 5 million people would die of tobacco- related diseases such as heart attack, lung cancer, and stroke. The annual mortality rate caused by the global tobacco epidemic would jump to 8 million by 2030.

Using tobacco products cause 100 mortal cases in the 20th century and the figure may reach 1 billion in the 21st century.

Vietnam- one of the largest tobacco using countries

According to the Ministry of Health, after ten years of implementing a resolution on controlling and preventing the ill effects of tobacco, the number of male smokers in Vietnam has slightly dropped from 56 percent in 2001 to 47 percent in 2010 and that of female smokers has fallen to 1.4 percent, below the set target of 2 percent.

Despite this fact, Vietnam remains one of the 15 countries having the highest numbers of tobacco users in the world. The number of adult smokers is estimated at 21 million and that of young female smokers is on the rise.

The ineffective implementation of anti- tobacco measures and year-on-year increase in tobacco output have led to the growing number of smokers in Vietnam.

The current tax rate for a pack of tobacco sold to consumers account for less than 45 percent of retail price, contrary to 80 percent proposed by the World Bank (WB).

As many as 40,000 tobacco-related deaths are reported in Vietnam every year and the figure is likely to hit 70,000 by 2030 if there are no measures to prevent the bad effects of tobacco. The WHO has predicted that half of the regular smokers in Vietnam would die of tobacco-related diseases by that year.

Worse still, a latest survey conducted by the Health Policy Strategy Institute shows that 33 million people suffer passively from tobacco smoke in the environment. Among the adult non-smokers, 67 percent are affected by tobacco smoke at home and 49 percent in the workplace.

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