But the government did not give the specific figure of the country’s forex reserves in the latest socioeconomic report 2011 submitted to the Standing Committee of the National Assembly late last week.
The current forex reserves may range from US$19-20 billion, newswires Vneconomy and Dan Tri quoted some experts, citing the government’s socioeconomic report.
However, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) norm, the scale of foreign exchange reserves should reach between 12-14 weeks of imports to be regarded as sufficient.
The norm for the safe rate of forex reserves of the World Bank is 10 weeks.
Earlier, Asian Development Bank (ADB)’s report estimated that the country had nearly US$17 billion in foreign currency reserves, equaling to about two months of imports.
The reserves rose by around 25 percent over late 2011 following the active move of the central bank to buy foreign currencies, said ADB.
The State Bank of Vietnam early this month announced that it had used around VND130 trillion to buy US$6.23 billion worth of foreign currencies from banking system for the national reserve in the first 3 months of 2012.
The reserves rose by US$3.5 billion compared to the rate the ADB announced in mid-2011, said ADB expert Dominic Mellor.
At the Consultative Group’s meeting in June 2011, Nguyen Sinh Hung, then chairman of the country’s National Assembly, said the country had planned to increase its forex reserves to 16-week imports in 2012.
The report said that in Q1/2012, Vietnam’s international current account balance had positive signs. The country enjoyed a current account surplus of nearly US$2 billion this year while it suffered a deficit of US$126 million in the same period last year.
The country’s total export turnover in the first 3 months of 2012 continued to reach high growth rate with an estimate of over US$24.8 billion, rising 25 percent year on year.
The total import spending in Q1/2012 is estimated at about US$24.58 billion, rising 6.1 percent on year.
Thus, in Q1/2012, the country ran a trade surplus of US$220 million, equaling to about 0.9 percent of the total export turnover, the best results versus the same period of recent years.
In Q1/2011, the country posted a trade deficit of US$3 billion.
However, the report also said that the trade surplus was attributed to not only increasing exports and low imports but also to the declines in investments and processing industry production, resulting in the fall in the country’s demand for importing raw materials, machineries and equipment.