Experts say environmental pollution caused by agricultural production serious

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Báo Dân Trí English - 77 month(s) ago 14 readings

Experts say environmental pollution caused by agricultural production serious

Contributing 24 percent to GDP and 30 percent of the total export value, agricultural production has been playing a very important role in Vietnam’s national economy. However, Vietnam has not paid appropriate attention in dealing with the environment pollution caused by the agricultural production.

The reverse of the medal

While the agricultural production has been developing strongly, the natural forest and sea resources have been degrading. Epidemic diseases have appeared on plants and animals, while the land has got eroded.

The over-cultivation has threatened the sustainable development of agriculture and the life of millions of farmers.

According to Dinh Vu Thanh, Deputy Director of the Science, Technology and the Environment of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), due to the lack of knowledge, farmers have been using fertilizer in a spontaneous way.

Every year, it is estimated that 60-65 percent of nitrogenous fertilizer (1.77 million tons) are “refused” by plants, while 60 percent of phosphate (2.1 million tons) and kali (344,000 tons) are put down, but the plants cannot “absorb.”

The abuse of plant protection chemicals in agricultural production and the ignoring of applying technical procedures both have made the land quality worse.

Meanwhile, the water resources which have got polluted may cause genetic mutation to some plant varieties.

A recent survey found pesticide residues at the levels higher than the allowed levels on 30-60 percent of samples of vegetable.

Especially, state management officials found many chemicals which are not allowed to be used in Vietnam.

The epidemics in aquaculture, which have made a lot of households suffer, are also caused by the environment pollution.

The Mekong Delta is the main catfish farming area in Vietnam, which accounts for 37 percent of the total fresh water fish farming area in Vietnam, and provides 62 percent of the total fresh water fish output (1 million tons a year).

In order to make one kilo of catfish, farmers use 3-5 kilos of feed, while only 17 percent of the volume can be absorbed, while the remaining is mixed into water to become the organic substances that cause pollution to the environment.

Regarding the husbandry, according to Nguyen Quynh Hoa from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, there are 16,700 livestock farms with 37.9 million animals and 215 million poultries, which creates 73 million tons of livestock waste a year.

Craft villages have been creating millions of jobs and helping develop local economies. However, the current serious environment pollution in 2017 craft villages has been damaging the health of people.

Sources say that 80 percent of infectious diseases in rural areas are caused by the factors relating to the water resource pollution.

What to do remains an awkward question

Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Bui Ba Bong has admitted that Vietnam has been puzzled in dealing with the environment pollution problem.

While everyone well understands that fighting against the environment pollution is an urgent ask, no one can point out what to do to settle the problem.

Dinh Vu Thanh, a senior official of MARD said that the ministry has a team in charge of environment protection.

However, the team remains weak in capability due to the lack of officers. Meanwhile, there has existed the overlapping in ministries’ duty assignment.

In some localities, the duties are assigned to the local environment departments, while in other localities the duties are undertaken by the agriculture departments.

Especially, MARD has been assigned to implement a lot of duties relating to the environment protection, but due to the modest budget (41 billion dong in 2011), the ministry finds it very difficult to fulfill its tasks.

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