During the interest rates fluctuation period, most of small lenders tended to restrain offering loans to maintain liquidity levels, while big ones made a contrast move.
View at ShinhanVina bank (Photo:Minh Tri)
Do Minh Toan, deputy general director of Asia Commercial Bank, known as ACB, said his lender was well-prepared for the increasing capital demand at yearend, offering loans to many regular clients with reasonable rates even when interest rates started to fluctuate.
“High interest rates often bring down businesses’ earnings. However, this year’s healthy growth of local enterprises helped boost lenders’ credit growth,” said Toan.
ACB offer an interest rate of 15.5 percent per year on short-term deposits and 16-16.5 percent on long-term ones.
“Bank interest rate will remain choppy until the New Year Tet holyday on February. With the holiday coming sooner than previous years, the amount of money flowing on the market after Tet will be abundant. Therefore, I expect the deposit rate on February will be set at a lower rate of 12-14 percent a year,” Toan said.
Techcombank, which is the fifth-largest bank in term of assets, triggered an interest rate race last week when announcing it would offer dong depositor rates as high as 17 percent per year.
Other lenders reacted by pushing their own rates up, some as high as 18 percent.
But these offers were rescinded after the central bank requested them to bring the rates down to prevalent market levels – 14 percent or less.
The Hanoi-based lender then was among the first lenders reducing the deposit rate, offering the rate of 13.45-13.95 percent per annum.
Interbank lending rate also climbing
Expecting the fluctuation in interest rates to cool off in the upcoming time has seen many banks replacing monthly interbank loans with weekly ones.
Big lenders are giving interbank loans with three-month payday only, instead of two weeks or one month as they used to be, a general director of a big commercial bank in HCMC, who wants to be unnamed, said, adding the interbank lending rate last week remain at high levels of 19-20 percent per annum.
“The lending rates for shorter-payday loans are much higher. Despite knowing the fact that the rate dropping after Tet, many small banks still had to borrow at the high rate as their liquidity is low,” he said.
Analysts predicted the increasing interbank rate will end soon as the central bank extended the deadline for lenders to raise registered capital by one year to ease pressure on banks having difficulty meeting higher requirements.
Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung has approved the proposal requiring local lenders to raise registered capital levels to VND3 trillion ($153.9 million), by Dec. 31, 2011, the State Bank of Vietnam said on its website Tuesday.